Friday, February 5th, 2016

Dissemination and Implementation Science

Dissemination and Implementation research recognizes the increasing and unacceptable gap between research and practice, and is designed to advance the dissemination and implementation (D&I) of evidence-based health promotion interventions and disease prevention innovations. In addition to sponsoring lectures by internationally known speakers on the topic of D&I, CHIP hosts several web-based resources (see links below). These resources include fact sheets about UConn-developed dissemination-ready health innovations; measurement instruments; archived lecture materials; and the “D&I Measurement Compendium,” a white paper written by CHIP researchers that provides investigators with a synthesis of validated measurement tools designed to assess D&I-related constructs.

CHIP also encourages and provides services to support grants and research studies that have dissemination and implementation components, consulting with researchers regarding relevant D&I frameworks and providing feedback during the writing process.

In FY13, Autism Speaks funded new work by CHIP PI Anjana Bhat to conduct a randomized controlled trial to test the efficacy of a novel music based intervention (“rhythm therapy”) on the motor, social, and communication skills of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Establishing an evidence base for such interventions will lead to increased accessibility and widespread implementation among children with ASDs and their families. The training manual of instructions and activities, and the demo CD that Dr. Bhat is developing, are aimed at promoting dissemination and facilitating implementation of the intervention among clinicians and parents who want to incorporate rhythm-based activities into the daily social routines of children with ASDs. Also in FY13, CHIP PI Lindsay DiStefano continued the research she began last year to assess the outcomes of an anterior cruciate ligament injury prevention intervention with United States Military Academy cadets. She received a grant for this work from the National Athletic Trainers’ Association Research and Education Foundation. By evaluating the efficacy of a single dose of the intervention and utilizing a “train the trainers” approach, Dr. DiStefano’s study results could facilitate the dissemination, implementation, and sustainability of lower-extremity injury prevention programs.

CHIP-affiliates Alicia Dugan and  Stephenie Chaudoir have recently published a manuscript in the journal Implementation Science that describes five broad types of factors (i.e., structural, organizational, provider, patient, and innovation-level characteristics) that determine implementation success, and reviews the validated measures available for assessing these five factors. The manuscript also attempts to address a well-known barrier in implementation science and research, namely the lack of conceptual frameworks and validated measures. It is publicly available online and has been designated a “highly accessed” article on the Implementation Science web site.

Dissemination and Implementation researchers at CHIP have a variety of opportunities to collaborate with faculty at the UConn Health Center and with the CICATS/PORT partner organizations, including the Ethel Donaghue Center for Translating Research into Practice and Policy, the Center for Public Health and Health Policy, the Department of Community Medicine & Health Care, the Community Health Center Association of Connecticut, the Institute for Community Research, and the Hispanic Health Council.

CHIP Dissemination and Implementation Science Resources

CHIP Dissemination and Implementation Science Researchers