Researchers at UConn’s Center for Health, Intervention, and Prevention (CHIP) design, implement, evaluate, and disseminate theory-based, but highly practical, health behavior change interventions for at-risk populations around the world.
Nearly 40 percent ($19.6 million) of active CHIP grants in FY13 involved health behavior change interventions designed or adapted for other countries, with sustainability in mind and with the potential to save countless lives. CHIP has currently funded or submitted projects (or grants) in Albania, China, Ethiopia, Malaysia, Mozambique, Peru, South Africa, and Thailand, and has completed work in India, Russia, Uganda, Ukraine, and Vietnam (see the interactive map below). CHIP’s research portfolio in Africa is especially large, comprising approximately $16.5 million in active grants across all years since FY02.
Much of CHIP’s international work is in the core problem area of HIV/AIDS, a research arena in which CHIP continues to be a worldwide leader. CHIP’s international HIV/AIDS work includes the development and evaluation of interventions that support the healthy behavior of people living with HIV (PLWH). This involves interventions that address PLWH’s barriers to safer sexual behavior, such as alcohol use, drug use, and gender-based violence, as well as interventions that promote optimal adherence to life-saving antiretroviral medications. A CHIP research team also recently studied how geospatial factors, such as environment, culture, and politics, can affect the efficacy of HIV prevention interventions, with the ultimate goal of assembling a geospatial landscape of HIV prevention interventions around the world and publishing an interactive map on the Internet, so that it can become an international resource for researchers, public health workers, and policy makers.
Select examples of CHIP international research in other health areas include a recent line of autism research in Albania focused on screening, diagnosis, and parent training for young children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs), and a completed health communication study evaluating the effectiveness of communication campaigns focused on reproductive health and family planning in developing countries.