Thursday, February 4th, 2016


HIV testing center in South Africa

CHIP’s roots are in HIV/ AIDS prevention and treatment research, although its mission and its work have become much broader over the years. Much CHIP research to date has been conducted in the area of HIV risk behavior, including understanding the dynamics of risky behavior, creating HIV prevention interventions for at-risk HIV uninfected and HIV-positive populations, creating interventions to improve antiretroviral medication adherence, and performing meta-analyses of existing HIV interventions to determine which ones are most effective. New projects launched in this area during FY13 include work to enhance STI/HIV partner notification in South Africa and a project to develop a mobile phone app to help prevent HIV/STIs, among others.

Of particular note, three CHIP interventions are included in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC’s) Compendium of Evidence-Based HIV Behavioral Interventions, which lists the premier interventions developed, implemented, and evaluated in the U.S. to date. They include:

  • Healthy Relationships, a multi-session, group-level HIV risk reduction intervention for people living with HIV (PLWH), which is one of the most widely disseminated HIV prevention interventions in the world.
  • NIA: A Program of Purpose, a video-based, motivational skills-building, small group, HIV prevention intervention for heterosexual African American men living in urban areas.
  • Options/Opciones Project, a healthcare provider-delivered HIV prevention intervention for PLWH who are in clinical care, which has been disseminated broadly throughout the U.S. and Africa since it was first developed in 2000.

In addition to the three interventions listed in CDC’s Compendium, the Peer-Driven Intervention (PDI) developed by a CHIP PI seeks to reduce HIV transmission among injection drug users (IDUs) by using active IDUs to educate their IDU-peers in HIV prevention and to recruit their peers to attend enhanced HIV prevention services. The model was demonstrated to be effective and has been disseminated globally, including in China, Ukraine, Russia, Thailand, Vietnam, and the U.S.


CHIP HIV/AIDS Researchers

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